HEPBURN of Hailes & Earls of Bothwell|
at Electric Scotland.com
G.M.S.Lauder-Frost, F.S.A.,(Scot). (Ed.)
The name of Hepburn is probably a local one derived from lands in Northumberland, at one time disputed territory between
England & Scotland. Chalmers, [Caledonia, ii.440.] believed that these lands lay in Morpeth ward, where there is a place
now called Hebron; but it seems more probable that the surname was taken from Hebburn in the parish of Chillingham, where a
family of that name flourished from the 13th century or earlier till late in the 18th when it ended in an heiress. Their
‘bastle’ was still standing in Chillingham Park in the 19th century.
The house of Hepburn of Hailes is traditionally reported to have been founded by an Englishman taken prisoner in the reign
of King David II, and long detained for non-payment of a ransom, who, having on one occasion rescued the Earl of March from
a savage horse, was rewarded by the grant of lands in East Lothian. [Hector Boece, Bellenden’s translation, 1536, Book xvi,
Adam Hepburn had in the reign of David II a charter of the lands of Traprain, Mersingtoun, and some in Cockburnspath, to be
held of the Earl of March. Further, he received the lands of Southalls and Northalls (later and today called Hailes) at the
Earl’s disposition on the forfeiture of Hew Gourlay of Beinstoun. As Beanston (as it is today spelt) was for centuries a
Hepburn property we may safely assume that Mr.Gourlay also parted with that to Adam Hepburn, who also received the lands of
Rollanstoun in Berwickshire.
Adam died before the end of David’s reign. Adam’s second son, John de Hibburne [Hepburn], had a charter of donation
dated 9th June 1363 from Patrick of Dunbar, Earl of March and Moray, of the lands of Over and Nether Merkill in East
Adam’s eldest son, Sir Patrick Hepburn of Hailes, knight, was born circa 1321. On 26th April 1363 he obtained a
safe-conduct to visit the shrine of St.Thomas of Canterbury; with another dated 4th December 1381 from King Richard II to
pass into England with 12 men and horses on the allegation that he was about to proceed to the Holy Land. He and his son
Patrick fought in the battle of Otterburn on 19th August 1388. Sir Patrick senior was still alive on 22nd June 1402 aged
over 80. His first wife’s Christian name was Agnes. His second wife was Lady Eleanor Bruce, Countess of Carrick, only
daughter of Sir Archibald Douglas. By his first wife he had:
Patrick Hepburn, younger of Hailes
Patrick Hepburn, younger of Hailes, who has already been mentioned above. He was killed in the battle of West Nisbet on
22nd June 1402, dying before his father. He had married a daughter and co-heiress of the family of Vaux of Dirleton. They
- (1) Adam (afterwards Sir Adam) Hepburne of Hailes, who succeeded his grandfather. (see below)
- (2) William, who is mentioned in an indenture dated at Hailes 4th January 1437;
- (3) Archibald, mentioned in the same indenture and elsewhere.
Sir Adam Hepburn of Hailes
Sir Adam Hepburn of Hailes was one of the Scottish Commissioners sent to England in 1423 to treat for the release of King
James I from captivity. He was knighted by that King at his coronation on 21st May 1424. In 1435 he is noted as Keeper of
Dunbar Castle and the following year was present at the conflict at Piperden near Berwick on 10th September. He died in
1446. He had issue:
- (1) Patrick Hepburne (afterwards Sir Patrick & 1st Lord Hailes), his successor (see below).
- (2) William Hepburne, who married Elizabeth Touris before March 1453;
- (3) George Hepburne of Rollanston, (in the parish of Greenlaw,) and Nisbet, both in Berwickshire. He married Jonet Malvyn
[Melville] and they had:
- 1. John Hepburne of Rollanstoun, baillie and custumar of Haddington, and principal Steward of the Royal Household. John
died about 1511. He married Margaret, part-heiress of William Wright, burgess of Cupar. They had issue.
- (4) Adam Hepburne, Dean of the Collegiate Church of Dunbar. Alive in 1448.
- (5) John Hepburn, Bishop of Dunblane and Lord of Council & Session. Died 1486.
- (6) Elizabeth Hepburne, who married Alexander, Master of Montgomerie. He died in 1452.
- (7) Helen Hepburne was married on 10th July 1446 to John Somerville, Baron of Carnwath, eldest son & heir of William 2nd
Lord Somerville. She died before March 1457.
- (8) Agnes Hepburne. Alive in 1448.
Sir Patrick Hepburne
Sir Patrick Hepburne had charters of large estates in Scotland: Dunsyre in Lanarkshire; Little Lambertoun & Prendergast in
Berwickshire as well as reconfirmations of Hailes etc. He was one of the conservators of truces with England in 1449, 1451,
1453, 1457 and 1459. He was created a Peer of Parliament by the title of Lord Hailes before June 1453 and died about 1483.
He married Elene Wallace and they had:
- (1) Adam Hepburne, Master of Hailes (see below).
- (2) Patrick Hepburne of Beanston. He died before 19th November 1518. This Patrick and his son John commenced the new family
of Hepburne of Beanston, in East Lothian.
- (3) Alexander Hepburne of Whitsome. He was Sheriff of Edinburgh 1483-85 and on 16th June 1488 was appointed Sheriff and
Seneschal of Fife for five years. He received the lands of Duntarvy and St.Serf’s Law in Linlithgowshire in 1492; and
Riccartoun in Edinburghshire in 1508. His successors were frequently styled ‘of Riccartoun’. He married Jonet Napier and
had issue an extensive family of descendants.
- (4) John Hepburne, Prior of St.Andrews before 1507. He founded St. Leonard’s College in the University of St.Andrews in
1512 and about eight years later reconstructed, at his own expense, the greater part of that city’s walls. He was tutor to
Patrick Hepburne, 3rd Earl of Bothwell, his great-grand-nephew, and died in 1525.
- (5) George Hepburne, Dean of Dunkeld. He was alive in 1509.
- (6) Margaret Hepburne, who married thrice and died after 1480.
- (7) Euphemia Hepburne, who married Andrew MacDowell of makerstoun in Roxburghshire.
- (8) Elizabeth Hepburne, who married William Lundin of that Ilk before 1485 & had issue.
- (9*) Patrick Hepburne, Rector of the Church of Lintoun in Haddingtonshire. *He was illegitimate.
Adam Hepburne, Master of Hailes
Adam Hepburne, Master of Hailes, afterwards styled of Dunsyre [in Lanarkshire], was not of an age to marry in 1448. He is
believed to have intrigued with the widowed Queen Marie of Gueldres, a young and beautiful woman. He attached himself to the
party of the Boyds, and was concerned in the seizure of King James II at Linlithgow on 9th July 1466, for which he obtained
a remission from Parliament dated 13th October in the same year. He was Sheriff of Berwick on 7th April 1467. He died in or
before 1479, before his father. He married Elyne, daughter of Sir Alexander Home of that Ilk. They had:
- (1)Patrick Hepburne, who succeeded as 2nd Lord Hailes and was subsequently created Earl of Bothwell
- (2) Adam Hepburne (afterwards Sir Adam) of Crags [in Forfarshire]. In 1489 he was attached to the Household of King James
IV and on 30th March 1497 he was Master of the King’s Stables. He was killed at the Battle of Flodden, 9th September 1513.
He married Elizabeth Ogstoun and had at least 4 children by her, one of whom, Elena (or Helen) was married at Bolton on 5th
November 1510, to Sir Patrick Hepburn, younger of Waughton. As Elyne Home’s mother, and this Sir Patrick’s mother were both
daughter’s of the house of Lauder of Bass, a Papal dispensation for the marriage was rendered necessary because of the
degrees of consanguinity.
- (3) George Hepburne, was a churchman. In 1504 he was postulate Abbot of Arbroath. He was appointed Lord High Treasurer of
Scotland in 1509 but resigned the appointment in a few months. The following year he was consecrated Bishop of the Isles.
He is also noted as Commendator of the Abbeys of Arbroath and Icolmkill. He was killed at the Battle of Flodden, 9th
- (4) Margaret Hepburne, who was married to Henry Lord Sinclair before December 1488. He was also killed at Flodden. She died
before November 8, 1543.
- (5) Elizabeth Hepburne, who was married to Alexander Master of Home. Patrick Hepburne, of Dunsyre, Patrick Hepburne, of
Dunsyre, knight, was Sheriff of Berwick on 15th June 1480. He succeeded his grandfather as 2nd Lord Hailes shortly after
December 1482. He was one of the Conservators of a truce with England, 20th September 1484. He was one of the leaders of
the Confederate Lords who rebelled against King James III and he led the van against the royal array at the battle of
Sauchieburn on 14th June 1488. Robert Birrel (1532-1605), writing in his diary which was printed in Dalyell’s "Fragments of
Scottish History", seems to have believed that he was one of those responsible for the murder of King James after that
battle. Under the new reign he rose to great power and held many offices. He became Master of the King’s Household,
custodian of Edinburgh castle and Sheriff-Principal of Edinburgh and Haddington. He was appointed Great Admiral of the
kingdom, for life, on the 10th September, 1488. On 17th October 1488 he was belted Earl of Bothwell, in full Parliament,
following the forfeiture of John Ramsay. Other appointments abound and it is not necessary to list them all here. He was
one of the plenipotentiaries sent to conclude the treaty for the marriage of King James IV with Princess Margaret Tudor of
England in October 1501 and he stood proxy for the King at the ceremony of betrothal on 25th January 1502.He died on 18th
October 1508. He married twice. Firstly, before February 1481 Janet (or Joanna) daughter of James Douglas 1st Earl of
Morton by Princess Joanna Stewart, daughter of King James I. They had:
- (1) Jane or Joanna (sometimes appearing also as Jonet or Janet) Hepburne, who was married before December 1506 to George,
son and heir of George 2nd Lord Seton. He was killed at Flodden and Jane entered the Convent of St.Catherine of Sienna near
Edinburgh which was built principally at her expense. She is buried beside her husband in the choir of Seton Church.
The Earl of Bothwell married secondly: in 1491 Margaret Gordon, daughter of George Earl of Huntly. They had:
- (1) Adam Hepburn (1)Adam Hepburn (see below).
- (2) Patrick Hepburne, frequently styled ‘of Bolton’, after his estate and pele tower residence there, who was born
circa 1494. In September 1516 he was Sheriff of Haddingtonshire ; and in 1517 he is mentioned as Admiral-Depute. On 12th
September, 1541 he is mentioned as Sheriff of Berwickshire. He died on 31st October 1576. He married Nicholas, daughter of
Alexander 2nd Lord Home. They had at least two children one of who started the Fairnington [Roxburghshire] branch but who
is also occasionally styled ‘of Birkinsyde’ which is in Berwickshire.
- (3) William Hepburne, of Rollanstoun. He died before 25th March 1558. He married Marion Maxwell and had at least
two children, one of whom, James, became a burgess of Perth with properties in that shire.
- (4) John Hepburne, Bishop of Brechin. Died 1558.
- (5) Margaret Hepburne, who married in 1509 Archibald Douglas, (son of George, Master of Angus) who afterwards
succeeded as 6th Earl of Angus. She died in childbirth in 1513 leaving no issue. Adam Hepburne 2nd Earl of Bothwell Adam
Hepburne 2nd Earl of Bothwell was killed at the battle of Flodden, having distinguished himself in command of the reserve
during the action. He married, Agnes Stewart, a bastard daughter of James Stewart, Earl of Buchan. (Letters of Legitimacy
were belatedly issued by Queen Mary on 31st October 1552 under the Great Seal). She in turn, had before her marriage borne
to King James IV a bastard daughter named Janet Stewart, who was married in 1523 to Malcolm 3rd Lord Fleming. After Adam’s
death she married three more times outliving all her husbands, dying in 1557. Adam and Agnes had an only son: was killed at
the battle of Flodden, having distinguished himself in command of the reserve during the action.
death she married three more times outliving all her husbands, dying in 1557. Adam and Agnes had an only son:
Patrick Hepburn 3rd Earl of Bothwell.
He was a child when his father died and his tutor has already been mentioned above. On 26th April 1531 he was appointed a
Lord of the Articles but in December of that year he entered into treasonable correspondence with Henry VIII which upon
being discovered he was imprisoned in Edinburgh castle. He was still there in July 1533. At the end of 1540 he was banished
from the Kingdom.
Following the death of King James V he returned and on 14th December 1542 he commenced proceedings which resulted in him
regaining properties forfeited previously. It was rumoured that he was interested in marrying Mary of Lorraine, the
Queen-Dowager, and doubtless in the hope of this union he procured a divorce from his wife before October 1543. His
expectation was disappointed. He again intrigued with the English, traitorously corresponded with the Earl of Hertford
during the latter’s invasion of Scotland in 1544 and was summoned for treason in Parliament in November of that year. He
nevertheless had a remission the following month. One of the charges against him was the acceptance of great gifts and
money from henry VIII. He was said to be heavily in debt at the time and this may account for his actions. Notwithstanding
his remission he again underwent a term as State prisoner and was only released after the battle of Pinkie, which took
place on 10th September 1547.
He was subsequently deprived of his castle of Hailes and Earl Patrick promptly renounced his allegiance and adhered to
England. Although again arraigned for treason he appears again to have been rehabilitated, as he died at Dumfries in
September 1556 '‘Lieutenant in the honourable service of the realm.’
He married circa 1533 Agnes, daughter of Henry Lord Sinclair and his wife Margaret Hepburne, daughter of Adam Hepburn
Master of Hailes. (see above). This lady, as already noted, was divorced by Earl Patrick before 16th October 1543,
whereupon he settled on her a charter of the lands of Morham in Haddingtonshire. She was subsequently styled ’The Lady of
Morham’ for the rest of her life. She died in 1572. They had:
- (1) James Hepburne 4th Earl of Bothwell (see below).
- (2) Jane (also sometimes referred to as Joanna and Janet) Hepburne, frequently styled ‘Mistress Bothwell’. This
lady received her mother’s inheritance of Morham. She married three times. First, on 28th December 1561, to John Stewart,
Commendator of Coldingham Abbey, later created Lord Darnley, a natural son of King James V by Katherine Carmichael. He died
in October 1563. Francis Stewart, the eldest son of this marriage, was created Earl of Bothwell by King James VI in
consideration of his extraction on his mother’s side. Jane married secondly,between 10th December 1565 and 16th January
1567, John Sinclair, Master of Caithness, eldest son of George 4th Earl of Caithness,who died about 1578. His widow
married, thirdly, Rev. Archibald Douglas, Rector of Douglas and one of the Senators of the College of Justice. He was also
brother to William Douglas of Whittinghame, a cadet of the house of Morton.
- (3*) Margaret Hepburne, a ‘natural’ daughter of Earl Patrick who was under age when he died in 1556. She
married before April 1585 James Durhame, sometimes designated ‘of Duntarvy’, silversmith to King James VI.
James Hepburne 4th Earl of Bothwell
James Hepburne 4th Earl of Bothwell and afterwards Duke of Orkney appears to have been born in or before 1535. He seems to
have been of age at his father’s death. He is said to have been brought up at Spynie Castle, the residence of his kinsman,
Patrick Hepburne, Bishop of Moray. The Bishop’s notoriously irregular life must have been a bad example to the youth, whose
career, if that is the right description, is something of a legend. On 12th November 1556 he took the oaths as Hereditary
Sheriff of Edinburgh and Berwickshire;as a Baillie of Lauderdale and Great Admiral of Scotland.
On 25th march 1558 Earl James executed a charter entailing the Earldom of Bothwell, his baronies, and his heritable
offices, on his ‘well-beloved cousin’ William Hepburne of Gilmerton, brother-german of Patrick Hepburne of Waughton, and
the heirs male of his body, failing which he names substitutes. There is no trace of any attempt to get the charter
confirmed by royal authority, without which it would have been of no effect.
In December 1559 Mary of Lorraine, the Queen Regent, gave the Earl command of a body of French auxiliaries, and six months
afterwards she sent him on a mission to the Court of France. He travelled thither via Denmark where he had an affair with
an Anna Throndsson, daughter of a Norwegian nobleman. She went with him as far as the Netherlands and eventually turned up
in Scotland in 1563. Her expectations were disappointed as the Earl was already married. While in France it is said the
Earl made further promises of marriage to a lady there with whom he had a liaison. The Earl was made a Gentleman of the
Chamber to King Francis II while there and he returned to Scotland at the same time as Queen Mary in 1561. In the spring of
1562 he was accused of treason and immured in Edinburgh castle, but escaped from custody on 28th August. He took a ship to
France where he received an appointment in the Scottish Guard. He returned to Scotland on 17th September 1565 and was
restored to his former offices.
He was thenceforth in great and increasing favour with Queen Mary. The murder of the King Consort, Lord Darnley, in which
the Earl was the principal actor, took place on 10th February 1567. He was sent for trial on 12th April but was acquitted
due to lack of evidence. On 19th April 1567 a former appointment of the Earl as hereditary captain of the Castle of Dunbar,
and a grant to him of certain lands, were confirmed in Parliament and on the 24th he carried off The Queen to Dunbar. On
12th May the Earl of Bothwell was created Duke of Orkney and his marriage to the Queen took place on the 15th. But a
confederation of nobles hostile towards both The Queen and The Duke had been formed and the opposite sides met at Carberry
Hill on 15th June 1567.
According to Du Croc, the French Ambassador, The Duke displayed the qualities of a great captain in his
preparations for the expected conflict at Carberry Hill. However his side fell away in the face of superior numbers and the
Duke there parted forever from his bride, finding his way firstly to Shetland. After setting sail he was driven by a storm
onto the coast of Norway where he was arrested and detained as a State prisoner. He remained in confinement until his
death, which took place on 14th April 1578 at Dragsholm Castle in Zealand, Denmark. Prior to that event, on 20th December
1567, he was forfeited by the Scottish Parliament, and condemned to lose arms, honours, offices and dignities, and to
underlie the pain of treason.
Earl James was married firstly, before 26th April 1559, to Jonet Betoun, widow of Sir Walter Scott of Buccleuch. Her fate
is unclear. Secondly he married on 24th February 1566, Lady Jane Gordon, daughter of the then deceased George 4th Earl of
Huntly. She divorced him on 3rd May 1567 citing his adultery with one of her maidservants, proof of which was provided. The
newly created Duke of Orkney married thirdly, as her third husband, Mary Queen of Scots, at Holyrood on 15th May 1567. The
ceremony was performed by Adam Bothwell, Protestant Bishop of Orkney. The contract of marriage had been signed and
registered on the previous day and the union was only dissolved by the death of the forfeited Duke.
James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell and Duke of Orkney had no legitimate issue born to him.
Queen Mary miscarried twins whilst detained at Lochleven, before 25th July 1567. The Duke left one natural or bastard son,
named William Hepburn. Agnes Sinclair, Countess of Bothwell, was on 26th december 1571 bound over to have no communication
with this William, her illegitimate grandson. However, she left to him, by testament dated 21st March 1572, the whole
balance of her estate after payment of her debts. Compiled and edited by G.M.S.Lauder-Frost, F.S.A.,(Scot), the principal
reference being The Scots Peerage by Sir James Balfour Paul. (1905; Nine volumes.)
HEPBURN of Waughton|
at Electric Scotland.com
By G.M.S.Lauder-Frost, F.S.A.,(Scot).
The great family of Hepburn of Waughton is said by Sir George Mackenzie to have been the principal cadet house of Hailes.
John Hepburn (fl.1365), of Over and Nether Merkill in East Lothian, is held by Chalmers and others to have been the
ancestor of Waughton. Nisbet identified this John as brother of Sir Patrick Hepburn of Hailes who was born circa 1321.
Nisbet, however, points out that Mr. Thomas Craufurd (a very competent authority) believed that the family of Waughton was
more ancient than that of Hailes. The following is a mostly genealogical summary of early generations of this family, who
held Waughton Castle, near Whitekirk in East Lothian, for centuries. A.E.Ritchie (1880) states that there was at one time a
chapel at Waughton, and that the Pele Tower was Saxon.
Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton
Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton (& later Lufness) (died after February 1464) appears in charters of The Great Seal of
Scotland in August 1439, January 1440, October 1450, 31st March 1451 where he is confirmed in Lufness, and February 1464.
David Hepburn of Waughton and his wife Christian Sandilands are mentioned as husband and wife in a Great Seal
charter confirmed at Edinburgh on 10th November 1493. In a further charter confirmed at Stirling on 21st September 1498.
The King confirmed a charter of David Hepburn of Waughton and his wife Christine [sic] Sandilands of the barony of
Waughton etc.,to their son and heir apparent Kentigern Hepburn. Two of the witnesses were William and Henry Hepburn, sons
Kentigern Hepburn of Waughton
Kentigern Hepburn of Waughton, aforementioned, married Margaret Lauder, who is mentioned as his spouse in the charter of
1498. She was a daughter of Sir Robert Lauder of Bass and his wife Isabella Hay, daughter of Lord Yester.
Margaret outlived Kentigern and remarried Alexander Home, of Polwarth in Berwickshire. Kentigern Hepburn had by Margaret
Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton & Redbraes
- 1. Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton (c.1470 – 1547) (see below) (c.1470 – 1547) (see below)
- 2. John Hepburn of Kirklandhill (died after March 1558) Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton Sir Patrick Hepburn of
Waughton (c.1470-1547) married Elena (or Helen) Hepburne, (daughter of Sir Adam Hepburn, of Crags in Forfarshire, brother
of the Earl of Bothwell, and his wife Elizabeth Ogstoun,) at Bolton Kirk, East Lothian, on 5th November 1510, under a
dispensation granted by Alexander, Archbishop of St.Andrews, which was rendered necessary because of the close degrees of
consanguinity. Sir Patrick’s mother was a Lauder of the Bass family as was the mother of the wife of Sir Adam Hepburne of
Crags. Sir Patrick died in 1547. His wife, Elena (or Helen) died before 20th April 1560 on which dated her eldest son,
Patrick Hepburn of Waughton, was served heir-in-general to her.
- 1. Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton & Redbraes (d.1585) (see below).
- 2. John Hepburn
- 3. Robert Hepburn, is mentioned as "a brother of Hepburn of Waughton" in a Great Seal charter dated
13th May 1580.
- 4. William Hepburn, of Gilmerton, married by contract dated 24th January 1561, Margaret Home. Sir James
Balfour Paul (1905) states that this William was the ancestor of the family of Hepburn of Newton of Whitsome. On 25th March
1558 James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, executed a charter entailing the Earldom, his baronies, and his heritable offices
to his "well-beloved cousin" William Hepburn, brother-german of Patrick Hepburn of Waughton and the heirs-male of his body.
It appears that this charter was never submitted for Royal approval and so became of no effect. William was still alive in
October 1584 when a charter of that date describes him as "brother-german to Patrick Hepburn of Waughton". In a further
charter, confirmed at Holyroodhouse on 22nd September 1599, a William Hepburn was then laird of Bairfoord near Haddington.
As these lands were part of the Gilmerton barony it is thought that this could be the above William or one of his children.
- 5. Elizabeth Hepburn, who married before the 8th May 1536 George Ramsay, of Dalhousie & Foulden. Her
Testament was confirmed on 25th May 1576 which indicates she died before that date.
Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton & Redbraes was married twice:
firstly to Elizabeth Logan. In The Great Seal of Scotland a charter confirmed at Linlithgow on 2nd August 1538, the King
confirms upon Sir Patrick Hepburn, junior, of Waughton, and his wife his patrimonial lands, mill, manor and barony of
Lufness in Haddingtonshire. She is mentioned as Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Logan of Restalrig.
Secondly, to Isobel Haldane. According to a Great seal charter dated 22nd March 1595. Isobel Haldane was then Lady
Waughton, relict of Sir Patrick. The Privy Council Registers for Scotland dated September 1567 lists Haddingtonshire
lairds and their baronies etc., amongst whom are Patrick Hepburn of Waughton and Patrick his son and heir.
Sir Patrick died in 1585 and was buried in Preston Kirk, East Lothian. His children were:
- 1. Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton & Redbraes Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton & Redbraes (d.c1649) (see below)
- 2. Alexander Hepburn, of Banglaw. In a charter dated 9th April 1625 Alexander Hepburn of Banglaw is described
as brother-german to Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waugton; and in another dated 24th June 1646. In a further Great Seal charter
dated 6th July 1661, Alexander Hepburn of Banglaw is described as brother-german of the deceased Sir Patrick Hepburn of
Waughton. When he came into possession of Banglaw is uncertain as in 1608 it appears to be held by Sir Robert Hepburn of
- 3. Elizabeth Hepburn, who married before September 1601, Alexander Drummond, of Carnock.
- 4. Isobel Hepburn, who married after 7th February 1589, Sir George Lauder of Bass(d.1611) Privy Councillor and
Tutor to Prince Henry. They had one child, a son, George, born in 1597. She was still alive in October 1635.
- 5. John Hepburn. In a Great Seal charter dated 13th May 1588, John Hepburn is described as "brother-german to
Patrick Hepburn of Lufness and Waughton, knight".
- 6. Robert Hepburn. In a Great Seal charter confirmed at Edinburgh on 13th May 1580, Robert Hepburn is recorded
as brother of Hepburn of Waughton. In a further charter confirmed on 31st May 1591, one of the witnesses was Robert
Hepburn, son of Lord Waughton. Given the earlier charter’s date, the Lord Waughton mentioned here must be the one who died
in 1585. Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton is sometimes referred to also as ‘of Redbraes’ (near Greenlaw in Berwickshire) and
‘of Lufness’ (in East Lothian). It is probable that Redbraes had passed to the Homes of Polwarth by this Sir Patrick’s
lifetime or even before. However, in a charter confirmed at Holyroodhouse on 13th May 1588 Sir Patrick is referred to as
‘of Lufness and Waughton.’ A reconfirmation of Lufness to him appears in a charter of November 1618. There are many
charters relating to Sir Patrick, one being confirmed at Edinburgh on the 15th November 1641 including lands in Morham and
Garvald near Haddington which had once belonged to the Lauder of Bass family, and whilst he was still alive in one drawn up
in June 1646 he is thought to have died about 1649. In 1639-1641 Sir Patrick was a member of the Estates for
Haddingtonshire and a Colonel with a 400 strong infantry regiment raised in East Lothian, in General Leslie’s army of the
Covenant, entering England on the 20th August 1640. Sir Patrick was one of the commissioners to the negotiations at Ripon
in Yorkshire. The regiment served at the sieges of York and Newcastle and at the battle of Marston Moor. From late 1644
until January 1647 it remained in England doing garrison duty, its strength being between 631 and 651 infantrymen. In 1646
Sir Adam Hepburn of Humbie, the army treasurer and commissary general, became the colonel, and the numbers increased to
893, and reached a maximum of 1030 foot soldiers in September. The regiment disbanded in February 1647. and (Ref: The
Scottish Historical Review, Ed.Ian B.Cowan (Aberdeen 1985, 64th vol. p76).
Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton married Margaret Lauder and they had:
- 1. The Reverend John Hepburn, of Waughton.
Rev.John Hepburn of Waughton married, firstly, Marie Ross (died before 14th July 1654) the daughter of Lord Eglintoun and
Margaret Scott. His second wife was Barbara Leslie. By his first wife he had a daughter, Margaret, born on the 6th June
1650 at Edinburgh. In a charter dated 14th July 1654 Margaret was described as her father’s "only bairn now in life." She
is also described as "his only daughter" in a charter of John Hepburn of Waughton to Margaret confirmed by The Protector
[Cromwell] in 1655. John and his first wife are mentioned in Great Seal charters dated 1646 and 1654. In the latter she was
described as deceased. In charter number 433 dated 6th July 1655 he is mentioned as "son and heir" of his father Sir
Patrick Hepburn of Waughton, and a Retour exists in that respect the previous year, but it is thought that Sir Patrick died
before the 9th November 1649 when "John Hepburn of Waughton, son and heir of Sir Patrick, his father" was served heir to
the Barony of Bass, which had been hurriedly transferred to the Covenanter Hepburn by George Lauder of Bass in order to
avoid confiscation from that Royalist family. In The Churches of St. Baldred by A.E.Ritchie (Edinburgh 1880) it is stated
that on the 26th July 1640 the Laird of Waughton commanded the East Lothian Regiment and his son was its
lieutenant-colonel. John J.Reid (1885) mentions that John Hepburn of Waughton had also been an Episcopalian minister who
had been deposed by the Presbyterians. We also know that John’s family were placed under arrest by Cromwell’s forces until
John and his garrison of 112 men in the castle on the Bass were effectively starved out. General Deane announced to the
English parliament in 1652 its surrender.
- 2. George Hepburn, of Fast Castle & Cranshaws, who in Great Seal charter number 1215 confirmed at
Edinburgh on the 22nd August 1642 received from his father the "lands and buildings of Fast castle, wester Lumsden,
Dowhill, Duddoholm or Cauldsyde, Aultoun and Newtoun; and Kello (in the parish of Edrom), as well as Fogo,
both in Berwickshire. In this charter Sir Patrick Hepburn describes George as "his legitimate second son".
This is an important family and a book was published in 1925, in London, entitled Hepburn of Waughton, Genealogical notes
on the Hepburn family, by Edward Hepburn. Undoubtedly this would be an interesting book if it were still available. If you
have any information on any branch of the Hepburn family which you would be prepared to share please contact me.
HISTORY of the CLAN|
at Ancestral Scotland.com
This family name is territorial, deriving from the Northumberland village of Hebburn, in the parish of Chillingham.
Towards the end of the thirteenth or the start of the fourteenth century, an Adam de Hibburne was captured by the Scots during a Border raid.
During his passage through East Lothian, it is said that he saved the Earl of Dunbar from a wild stallion. In gratitude,
the Earl granted him the lands of North and South Hailes in East Lothian. Adam's son, Patrick, married the niece of
Robert the Bruce, Eleanor, Countess of Carrick. Patrick and his son, also Patrick, participated in the Border raid with James Earl of Douglas in 1388, when the Scots managed to take the banner of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland.
The Hepburns managed to save the Douglas standard during the ensuing battle, and gained the family's respect. Percy invaded
Scotland in 1400, determined to burn the lands of Hailes in revenge, but the Douglases fought him off.The title of Lord Hailes was endowed upon Patrick in 1482. His grandson, also Patrick was created Earl of Bothwell by his cousin James IV.
He also held the posts of High Admiral of Scotland, Keeper of the King's Household, Sheriff Principal of Scotland,
Keeper of Edinburgh Castle and Lord Orkney. He stood as proxy for the king at his marriage to Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England, this marriage created the lineage allowing James VI to succeed to the English throne.
The second Patrick and his son Adam both fought and died alongside James IV at Flodden in 1513. Adam's son, another
Patrick, third Earl of Bothwell, was raised with the main Borders families and was forced into exile in England following his participation in the rebellion during the reign of James V. He later returned to attempt to woo Mary of Guise,
mother of Mary Queen of Scots. James, fourth Earl of Bothwell, is charged with the murder of King Henry, husband of Mary Queen of Scots. Bothwell later married the queen supposedly against her will, and took the title Duke of Orkney, along
with many others. Mary managed to escape to England, but found little reprieve there and was executed by her cousin Elizabeth after twenty years in captivity.
Bothwell fled to Denmark but was held captive at Dragsholm for eleven years when he finally died. All of his titles were
forfeited to the Crown.Sir George Buchan Hepburn became the family representative, and was created a baronet in May 1815, the current baronet, Sir Ninian is his direct descendent.
Scottish Clans Territories Maps|
Full map found online at www.answers.com
Full map found online at www.highlandline.com & www.gwp.enta.net/scotdisplay.htm
Adam Hepburn, referenced above, who was captured near Chillingham and taken to Scotland
was the son of Nicholas de Hibburne, and grandson of Robert de Hyburne d. after 1245,
according to ThePeerage.com, citing: Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage,
Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.:
Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 572.
Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
The origins of the progenitor Robert de Hyburne, and source of his name, are presently
lost in antiquity.